1st Clinical Semester

ECTS Course Code
Compulsory subjects
Hours/ Semester
ECTS Credits
Grundlagen klinischer Untersuchung
Basic principles of Clinical Examination Part I
(General Medicine, Ophthalmology, Dermatology, Internal Medicine, Neurology, Emergency Medicine, Psychosomatics)

The Clinical Examination Course consists of thirteen segments covering different fields of medicine with a total of 12 credits. As a rule, partial enrolment is impossible. The Practicals follow a special time scheme which is handed out at the beginning of the Course.

Content: Principles of clinical examination. Demonstration of physical examination methods, use of examination techniques using standard equipment.
Assessment: -
Epidemiologie, med. Biometrie und med. Informatik
Epidemiology, medical biometry and medical informatics including
- Seminar and
- Lectures Medical Statistics and Medical Informatics

Content: Students will acquire an understanding of statistical methods and their application in medicine. Furthermore, the students will explain terms of genetic epidemiology.
Assessment: written examination
Knowledge and skills achieved: simple mathematical basics

Klinische Chemie und Hämatologie
Clinical Chemistry and Haematology
- Course
Content: Laboratory skills and theory in chemical and haematological analysis (chemical and enzymatic determinations, clotting analysis, blood group typing)
Assessment: MCQ examination, check of practical records, oral exams
Knowledge and skills achieved: Basic laboratory skills, general theory in chemical and haematological analysis

Vorlesung Pathobiochemie
Biochemistry and Clinical Pathology of Cell and Organ Function
- Lecture
Content: Exemplary presentation of typical disorders affecting metabolic processes and regulatory mechanisms and their impact on clinical, chemical and haematological laboratory values
Assessment: -
Knowledge and skills achieved: Theoretical background for practical course of clinical chemistry and haematology

Bildgebende Verfahren, Strahlenbehandlung und Strahlenschutz
Imaging techniques, radiotherapy and radiation protection including
- Seminar and
- Lecture

Content: The physics of radiation and its effects, radiation biology, dosimetry, practical safety measures, techniques of X-ray examinations, interpretation of X-ray images of the thoracic and abdominal organs and the musculo-skeletal system, contrast media, nuclear medicine and the basic principles of modern radiotherapy ,Imaging techniques and diagnostic methods in nuclear medicine, pharmacology of radioisotopes, principles of physiological concentration of radioisotopes.
Assessment: MCQ examination and certificate of attendance
Knowledge and skills achieved: Knowledge about the physics of x-rays, knowledge about the physics of magnetic resonance imaging, knowledge about the clinical applications of plain films, computed tomograpy, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, knowledge about basic principles and side effects of contrast media,interpretation of X-ray images, magnetic resonance images and computed tomography images of the thoracic and abdominal organs, knowledge about the typical imaging features of common diseases of the abdomem, chest and brain
Pathology including
- Practical and
- Lecture

Content: Microscopy, demonstration of autopsy slides and theoretical background for both general pathology and chosen cases. The student learns to recognise pathologic changes by examination of histopathological slides and to correlate them to both general and specific disease mechanisms. Topics compromise cell and tissue damage, metabolic diseases, growth disorders, tumours, inflammations, immunopathology and chosen diseases affecting various organ systems
Assessment: written examination using autopsy slide specimens

Human Genetics

- Seminar
Content: Principles and practice of Human Genetics: Formal and population genetics, cytogenetics, molecular genetics, prenatal diagnosis, genetic counselling, hereditary cancer syndromes
Assessment: MCQ examination with grading
Knowledge and skills achieved: Principles and practice of Human Genetics. Introduction and overview to genetic diseases and genetic testing

- Lecture
Content: Mechanisms of genetics in disease etiology. Principles and practice of Human Genetics. Selected case reports and patient interviews. Attendant lecture to the Seminar Human Genetics.
Assessment: -
Knowledge and skills achieved: Basic principles of Human Genetics

Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin
History, Theory and Ethics of Medicine including
- Seminar and
- Lecture

Content: A survey of the history of medicine, important concepts of medicine, aspects of the history of ideas and social developments, current problems in medical ethics and alternative medical approaches: humoral pathology and religious medicine; medicine in mediaeval times: leprosy and pest medicine in the 18th and 19th century; medicine during National Socialism; medical anthropology and health care ethics
Assessment: written examination with open and MC questions
Knowledge and skills achieved: basic knowledge of periods and concepts in the history of medicine; contextualisation of medical and ethical problems; interpretation of classical medical texts